WoundSource White Papers

Skin Irritation Related to Incontinence: How to Prevent it and Manage it in Your Patients

Moisture-associated skin damage (MASD) and incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) are a significant problem for patients and can present major challenges for nurses. The elderly and critically ill are particularly vulnerable to sources of moisture including: perspiration, urine, liquid feces, wound drainage, mucous and saliva. The management of skin damage related to moisture can be very time consuming and may in fact contribute to painful and costly secondary problems, such as pressure injuries. 

According to a recent survey of long-term acute care facilities, 22.8% of admitted patients experienced IAD and 35.1% had at least one pressure injury. Among those living with fecal incontinence, as many as 41% developed IAD. Since IAD is associated with such serious complications as pressure injuries and the risk of infection, taking steps towards prevention and proper treatment can have a major effect on outcomes. Associated costs and time invested to manage these secondary complications can be much higher if complications aren’t prevented. 

Skin Irritation Related to Incontinence

This paper will review how to identify IAD, appropriate prevention strategies and evidence-based methods of managing IAD and its symptoms. 

In this white paper, health care professionals will learn: 

  • The significant risks for patients with IAD
  • Prevention and treatment guidelines
  • The differences between IAD and pressure injuries
  • The role of skin care in prevention and treatment


This white paper is generally written for health care professionals with an interest in product solutions.

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